Showing posts from November, 2016

Alice and the Wonderland Creatures

Read the basic comprehension: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, a Trigger to the Nonsense Alice is a seven year old girl who comes from an upper-middle class family in England. She appears as a little girl with an enormous yet suspicious curiosity. Her expectations towards the world are challenged by the fact that regularity is something, in some way, she has to face and reluctantly accept. Therefore, an object to express her creativity, either ideas or questions, or both, is needed. Wonderland appears as the object where Alice gets challenged with the regularity she complains about. This regularity is unfortunately her own behavior and manners. The White Rabbit, for example, surprises Alice by mistaking her as his servant. Technically she is an upper-middle class family member, hence, being treated as a low person kind of shocks her. Another example is when the Duchess nurses the baby in a way that opposes what Alice has been knowing of. The challenge rises up when th…

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, a Trigger to the Nonsense

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland written by Carroll and published in 1865 is claimed as the trigger to the genre of nonsense literature. There are literary works that brought the mood of nonsensical environment. Carroll’s work is considered one of the greatest ones, which is proven by its big name that lasts even after more than a century after the book was first published. Nonsense literary works started to emerge widely in the nineteenth century and mostly were tales for children, which therefore were highly imaginative. Its original source was taken from the oral folk tradition such as games, songs, drama, and rhymes. Those always become amusements for the community at that time. As nonsense became a certain literature commodity, intellectuals including poets, scholars, and scientists started to show their interest in it. They, afterwards, wrote stories and other nonsense forms in such a sophisticated way inserting scientific terms, historical background, prosperity parody, religiou…

The Attribution Theory According to Malle and Heider

Attribution theory concerns with how humans interpret situations according to their knowledge, and how those situations relate to them. Humans are more likely to be a natural observer who tends to seek meanings behind what they see, hear, and feel; and supposedly asks for an explanation to satisfy their curiosity. According to Manusov & Spitzberg (2008:38), attributions are as the internal (thinking) and external (talking) process of interpreting and understanding what is behind our own and others’ behaviours.  Attributing is the process of asking and answering “why” questions— trying to figure out what caused something else—that it has been characterized as a basic human activity (Heider, 1958 in Manusov & Spitzberg, 2008:37). This activity requires an individual to interpret based on their knowledge about the situation or about the person that causes the situation. It mirrors how they think, then, the result of their thinking determines their respond to the sit…

Psychology of and Social-Psychology in Literature

Under the heading of literary criticism, many people mistake psychology and social-psychology as approaches that primarily stand on the same stair. The truth is, they don't. Social-psychology, which studies mainly about the correlation between an individual psychological process and their society, is the branch of psychology in literature. Psychology of Literature Literature is an external expression of human’s psychology (Stangor, 2011:6). The creativity of a wordsmith is a result of bundled emotions needing to blow up, and it blows up, then, through literature. An author most likely recreates themselves into fictional characters, retells their experience or passion in a form of fictional plot, and reflects their surroundings in a fictional environment. What is poured down on a literature work is the author’s result of thoughts both consciously and unconsciously. According to Freud, as stated by Wellek (1956:76), an author is originally a man who turns from reality because they c…

A Glimpse of Nonsense Literature

Nonsense literature is a genre that tells about illogical, magical, and nonsensical stories. Its literary work is a combination of madness, creativity, intelligence and cultural knowledge. Its language usually contains either irony or satire as an approach of saying the truth. It usually says something but hides a certain meaning behind it. The meaning may be a critic, delineation, or provocation towards occurrences that happen in real life. In a further study, they can be deconstructed as a source of moral lessons that gives values to reality. Those moral lessons teach the audience to do or not to do things, to follow or unfollow certain concepts, or to like or unlike people. The genre first appeared in 1800s. Many studies about the genre were then attempted after many related works started to show its existence. In 1900, G.K Chesterton said that the best proof of adventurous growth in the nineteenth century is “with all respect for its portentous science and philosophy that it was …