Read the basic comprehension: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, a Trigger to the Nonsense
Alice is a seven year old girl who comes from an upper-middle class family in England. She appears as a little girl with an enormous yet suspicious curiosity. Her expectations towards the world are challenged by the fact that regularity is something, in some way, she has to face and reluctantly accept. Therefore, an object to express her creativity, either ideas or questions, or both, is needed. Wonderland appears as the object where Alice gets challenged with the regularity she complains about. This regularity is unfortunately her own behavior and manners.
The White Rabbit, for example, surprises Alice by mistaking her as his servant. Technically she is an upper-middle class family member, hence, being treated as a low person kind of shocks her. Another example is when the Duchess nurses the baby in a way that opposes what Alice has been knowing of. The challenge rises up when the March Hare and the Mad Hatter invites her to do and to discuss about something that crosses her regular activities. Then, she gets upset during her encounter with the slow Mock Turtle who speaks about pointless stuffs most of the time.
Retrieving to the very first situation the book introduces its storyline, when Alice and her sister are sitting on the bank, it can be seen that the two are from a wealthy family, as both of them obtain the fortune to sit in chill while reading a book. A book here is a symbol for an education. At the time Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was written, the situation in England, the country Alice is living, was not friendly for children. It was when the Industrial Revolution occurred. Children from the low caste were forced to work.
There was a high demand for labor when revolution first came resulting the families from rural areas migrate to industrialized cities to find work in the hope for a better life. However, life was not so easy in the cities. People were paid low meanwhile they had to survive the high demands for life. Parents, as a result, make their children work no matter how young they were, without considering their education needs. Feeding the stomach was far more important rather than going to school. This led to a high children labor in factories. To make it worse, children were not treated well as they were considered fool and weak. Masters made them overworked and underpaid, which the children could not resist because they had to do it to continue living. This situation went on from 1700 to the beginning of 1900. (http://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/nhs/cur/Baker_00/2002_p7/ak_p7/childlabor.html)
The children labor fortunately does not occur to Alice and her sister as seen by the fact that they are having a good life. Observed by this phenomena, the two sisters must be from a settled kindred. They do not need to worry about how to feed themselves, instead, they desire something more than just amenities. During all scenes in the story, Alice shows that she is well behaved and has got good manners, another characteristic of a Victorian child. She talks politely and acts gently. Even when she gets upset, still, she tries to get her senses together. Indirectly she indicates her sister’s manners, too, as they come from the same background.
When there is an adventure, there is also a trigger that pulls out bravery to break the box. In this case, Alice’s curiosity is the thing that gets pulled out, which is then supported by bravery. Her emerging trigger is White Rabbit with his waistcoat-pocket and watch, who is also the first Wonderland creature that Alice gets to see. The rabbit leads Alice to enter Wonderland and guides her when she gets stuck in tough situations.
There are scenes of White Rabbit saving Alice and guiding her to the next scene. He seems unconsciously to do the guidance, making things look like they are just an accident. In a scene, the rabbit drops his fan and gloves in front of Alice out of nowhere and does not realize it. The fan and gloves help the Victorian girl grow to the size she needs to be. This accidental occasion occurs in another scene, too, when the rabbit mistakes Alice as Mary Ann, his servant. Then, Alice is carried to the next destination: the rabbit’s house. Frankly, there is an interesting fact that, in Wonderland, White Rabbit always shows up when Alice is crying and lost direction. He gets involved whenever the situation is considered heavy.
White Rabbit always seems to be in a rush. He also keeps mentioning the Duchess and how he would lose his head due to lateness. This hurry the rabbit shows can be considered as the trigger to Alice’s adventures because Alice gets the motivation to chase him whenever he is rushing away. If White Rabbit moves slowly, everything would be much simpler for the little girl. She would have had just easily dangled after him and asked him stuffs about Wonderland.
Most of the characters in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland are apparently uneasy towards certain things and people, just like everyone towards the Queen of Hearts; the March Hare, the Mad Hatter, and Dormouse towards the Time; and the Mock Turtle towards sadness. However, this does not apply to Cheshire Cat. Illustrated with a big smile on his face, the cat makes use of that smile as his characteristic. He always plays cool, not afraid of anyone including the Queen of Hearts, and stands on his own side. Moreover, he has the power to disappear that makes him hard to catch when needed to be caught – especially when he is sentenced to dead execution. He gives a contribution to Alice’s journey with his wise advices and friendly conversation. As he plays friendly, Alice considers him as the only friend she has in Wonderland to talk about her feelings.
Not only White Rabbit is a guide for Alice, but also Caterpillar with his direct advises, unlike the rabbit who leads with accidental occurrences. Caterpillar is sitting on a mushroom and smoking a hookah when Alice approaches to him. Seemingly, he is not friendly and talks strictly towards the little girl. However, his advice to eat the mushroom is what leads Alice to grow to her proper size.
Eating the mushroom connotes that Alice needs to adapt to the new environment, as expressed by Caterpillar. Whichever mushroom side is eaten, the result is the same, and she grows differently again. Therefore, it does not really matter the which of which, but what matters is her willingness to accept the fact that she is going to grow the way she should be in Wonderland.
Of all the nonsense she gets through, Mad Hatter is the one who upsets Alice the most. He is also able to crack the Victorian manner out of her only by asking simple questions. His nonsense question “Why is a raven like a writing desk?” challenges Alice to find the answer. She even gets the confidence to show her smartness, the one thing about herself that she is very proud of. However, when she gives up and asks for the answer, Mad Hatter admits that he has not had any slight idea. Hearing this, Alice’s jaw literally drops. The hatter only gives a pointless question and makes her fall for it, even makes her give an effort to answer. It makes her furious and rude. During the mad tea party, the hatter provokes Alice with his innocent yet resenting statements several times.
One thing enticing about Mad Hatter is his knowledge about and professedly friendship with the Time, whom Alice has always thought as an inanimate object but turns out as an animate one in Wonderland.
During her journey in Wonderland, Alice always acts out like she has figured things out by demonstrating what exists in real world, her own real world. However, in the scene where she is having a mad tea party, this perspective is overturned. It turns out that she has not known so much about things. In this case, the Time is the matter. Alice thinks the Time does regular turnaround, meanwhile in fact, in Wonderland, it is able to stop itself, and even to take orders to stop or to continue ticking. Mad Hatter, fortunately, is the one who serves Alice this striking fact.
Queen of Hearts
Alice has met many illogical creatures, but none of them can compare to the Queen of Hearts’ characteristics. Not only illogical, the Queen is also arrogant, tyrant, arrogant, and dominant. She constantly gives orders to cut off other creatures’ head when she feels uncomfortable with them – although in fact, no execution is actually held. Being as a queen, she plays a role as the ruler and the most authoritative figure. Even the king asks her to give orders, indicating there is no one above her who can impudently enjoin.
One thing that the queen likes to do is playing croquet, a normal game according to Alice’s knowledge, but in Wonderland, the game is completely different and tends to be ridiculous. During the game, the queen shows two sides of her personality. One has been mentioned previously that she is arrogant, tyrant, etc., and another one, she shows her good side; gentle and thoughtful side.
Unlike how she deals with other creatures rudely and arbitrarily, especially to the Duchess whom apparently she loathes the most, the Queen of Hearts treats Alice nicely and talks to her gently. She even pays attention to Alice’s nescience of the Mock Turtle, then offers her a way to meet him. She never orders to chop off Alice’s head – well, until the very end of the book when the little girl infuriates and offences her. One way or another, in some way, the Queen of Hearts reminds me of the characteristics of a mother, which are sometimes furious and choosey, but also gentle as well as caring. Possibly, the queen shadowy acts as the mother of Wonderland and Alice arises as her darling.